Meteorological institutes launch research program to advance extended-range weather forecasting
The UK’s leading meteorological institutions have launched a new research program focusing on scientific advances to help facilitate reliable weather predictions up to a month ahead.
Backed by a £30m (US$36.8m) investment, the Advancing the Frontiers of Earth System Prediction (AFESP) research program will be managed by the University of Reading in partnership with the UK’s National Centre for Atmospheric Science (NCAS), the Met Office, and the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF).
AFESP commits to tackling the research challenges involved in extended-range weather forecasting – creating forecasts for up to four weeks in advance – with benefits for national and international meteorological services; industries such as agriculture, fishing and energy; and government decision-making around the world to protect lives and livelihoods.
NOAA partners with engineering sector to improve resilience to weather- and climate-related disasters
The US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is partnering with the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) to help engineering professionals improve climate change resilience in the design and construction of future building and infrastructure projects.
A new memorandum of understanding (MOU) was unveiled during a summit to discuss the ways in which NOAA’s science and products can be used to inform the building and civil engineering codes, standards and best practice manuals developed by ASCE. The MOU will be facilitated by the University of Maryland (UMD) Center for Technology and Systems Management.
NOAA has been collaborating with ASCE since November 2021, but the increased frequency of weather- and climate-related disasters has created greater urgency for action.
EWR Radar Systems to supply container-based solid-state weather radars in Southeast Asia
EWR Radar Systems has been awarded a contract to supply seven container-based E800 solid-state dual-polarization weather radar systems to a defense customer in Southeast Asia.
EWR’s container-based radar solutions enable rapid weather radar deployment in temporary and remote locations. The container features an integrated radar lifting tower (no crane or machinery necessary), with a sliding roof panel that allows the radar system to ‘nest’ inside the container when not in use. It also features a control room with built-in communications and workstations.
The E800 combines solid-state transmitters, pulse compression and hybrid pulse technology with a compact antenna-mounted RF design.
Climavision partners with MeteoWeather to target aviation in the Middle East
US weather tech company Climavision has partnered with UAE-based weather intelligence specialist MeteoWeather to boost sales and marketing activities targeting airports and aviation companies in the Middle East.
Climavision leverages high-resolution radar networks and satellites to fill existing meteorological coverage gaps. The new joint activities will focus specifically on providing access to Climavision’s Global Radio-Occultation and Observation (GRO) forecast model, optimized to output data on all 128 vertical levels (versus the reduced resolution output of other global models, which can be as few as 40 levels). The GRO model improves fuel performance, safety and efficiency for daily airline operations and is easily integrated into business aviation and airlines’ flight management system (FMS).
WMO hosts symposium to develop universal GHG monitoring infrastructure
The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) has hosted a symposium on the newly proposed Global Greenhouse Gas Monitoring Infrastructure which will help inform actions to reduce CO₂ levels and other heat-trapping gases in the atmosphere.
Though WMO has worked in the area of greenhouse gases (GHGs) for several decades, multiple products and data sets that are critical for supporting international climate policy are only supported by the research community.
At present, there is no comprehensive, timely international exchange of surface and space-based GHG observations. There is also a need for improved collaboration on the model development and generation of the decision-support information on a global scale.
ECMWF strategy to encourage open development of new software
The European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) has published a new ‘software strategy’, outlining its plans for the development of software outside the weather prediction process until 2027.
One of the guiding ideas is for software to be developed openly, with interaction and feedback from the community. Software components are also to be made smaller, more reusable, and simpler to integrate with each other.
The strategy aims for a good balance between in-house development of software that is critical for ECMWF on the one hand, and well-maintained and supported community software on the other. It emphasizes the need for improved scalability of data handling as the amount of forecast data continues to grow rapidly.
Half of US communities failing to prepare for extreme sea-level rise
A new study has found that more than half of US communities are underestimating future sea level rise in their area compared against upper-end projections from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
Dr Andra Garner, lead author and climate scientist at Rowan University, New Jersey, worked with colleagues to compile a database of the most recent regional climate projections in 54 locations across the continental USA and Puerto Rico and compared their estimates of sea level rise to the regional assessments published in the latest IPCC assessment report.
Garner found more than half of the surveyed locations in the USA underestimate the upper end of future sea level rise compared to the IPCC regional projections.
FMI expands air quality service to include black carbon
The Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI) has expanded its ‘Air quality in Finland’ service by including black carbon – an air pollutant harmful to human health and that also contributes to climate change.
Real-time information on black carbon concentrations in different environments and different parts of Finland provides a more accurate picture of the sources and concentration variations of particulates resulting from combustion. The information will be vital in preparation for the EU’s tightening ambient air quality legislation.
In Finland, most black carbon emissions are produced by old diesel vehicles and by burning wood in fireplaces. The increased use of firewood for heating due to the energy crisis also increases black carbon emissions, which may cause air quality problems or smoke harm in dense low-rise areas.